10 legendary cities of Ukraine and how to reach them

10 legendary cities of Ukraine and how to reach them

Cities in which created history and ancient legends come to life.

Ukrainian lands inhabited from the most ancient times. In the Paleolithic era, during the development of the Northern black sea Greeks, as well as in the middle ages here seething life. Each area has its own legend. However, across the city, events which forever changed the course of history. They served as the residences of kings and hetmans, was the site of battles and the signing of contracts.
TSN. Tourism has prepared a list of 10 legendary Ukrainian cities where history comes alive.

Bilhorod-Dnistrovs’kyy

The city is located in the Odessa region, on the shore of the Dniester estuary.
The area inhabited since the IV century BC by people from Miletus. Here was founded one of the Greek city-States of Northern black sea coast. And archaeologists found in the city limits remnants of the ancient Polis of tyre. The name presumably comes from the ancient name of the Dniester Tiras. The remains of the ancient settlement has survived to the present day and are near Akkerman fortress.
Belgorod-Dniester fortress is the hallmark and beauty of the city. It is built partly on the remains of the Greek Polis in the XIII — XV century. The area in those days belonged to the Golden Horde, however, built a fortress by the natives of Genoa, Italy.
Stronghold has an impressive view, in spite of its age. Now you can see the walls of epic proportions, the dungeon, the citadel, the tower of the main entrance and others. In 2016, the North wall was in disrepair from exposure to wind, rain and sea waves. Then it has significantly strengthened and preserved for future generations.
On the walls of the fortress one can see the kernelinstalled in sequence. It is believed to be magical symbols of the druids. Are the same symbols used by the masons. And in one of the towers, during excavations, was found a sign — the «Master Fedorko finished construction in 1440». This suggests that the fortress was built by the masons. Because in those days the master called the head of the Masonic Lodge.
A lot of interesting findings can be seen in the local Museum. They lift the veil on the dense history of the city.
Route. From Kiev to Belgorod-Dnestrovsky you can travel by bus and train. The price of a rail ticket from 160 UAH. The bus ticket costs from 370 UAH.

www.flickr.com/Andre Dengin

Korosten’

The city is located in the Zhytomyr region. Next to him, Kiev is «Warsaw» highway.
The first mention of Korosten belong to the times of Kievan Rus. In the tale of bygone years the city is described as the centre of the Slavic tribe of Drevlyans.
In ancient times it was called Iskorosten. As mentioned through the revolt of the drevlians and the murder of Kievan Prince Igor in 945. According to legend, after the death of Igor his wife Olga burned Iskorosten. After that it lost its importance.

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In the heart of town is a picturesque canyon through which flows the river Uzh. The area is called drevlyanskiy Park. It is believed that there has repeatedly been the Princess Olga. In the Park there are even baths of the Princess and her statue. The surrounding area is very scenic, through the canyon of the transferred bridges, and hills to build a gazebo. On one of the hills established a Grand statue derevlyanskoho little Prince.
The miracles of Korosten is not the end. In the Park, among granitowa blocks hidden bunker of Stalin «Rock». He is now converted into a Museumthat you can visit and inspect military history exhibits. The object was long kept secret and is considered one of the most mysterious complexes of the Stalin era. Along with the bunker, the exposition of military equipment.
The city has a Museum of local lore.
Route. In Korosten can be reached by bus and train. The price of a rail ticket from 90 UAH. The bus ticket costs from 140 UAH.

www.flickr.com/Andrei Dmitriev

Novgorod-Seversky

The city is located in the Chernihiv region on the Bank of the Desna river.
The area on the banks of the Desna river was populated by various tribes since time immemorial. And in the VI century on the site of the present city settled by Slavic tribes of northerners.
It is mentioned in Chronicles from the year 988. That’s when Volodymyr the Great ordered to build the city around the fortress for protection from nomad. He then served as a border item with the nomadic lands and the center of the Seversky Principality. Defensive structure has not survived.
However, perfectly preserved powerful defensive Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery. The exact date of its bookmark is unknown. However, some sources attribute the Foundation to the XI century. In the center of the ensemble is the Cathedral with a bell towerand it is surrounded by tall walls with towersthat you can climb and see the beautiful panorama of the river Gums. In the temple there is an ancient gallery and the dungeon.
The monastery is the only Museum in Ukraine of the book «the Word about Igor’s regiment». The Museum is housed in a restored princely Palace. It is believed that ancient temple, which was here, Igor went on a hike. The Museum features many interesting exhibits and the historic building enhances the atmosphere of this journey. In the summer there are theatrical fights.
In Novgorod-Seversky, also there is a triumphal arch built in 1787 for the arrival of Catherine II. The town’s main square is decorated with nineteenth-century shops.
Route. Direct railway communication between Kyiv and Novgorod-Seversky no. However, the town has a railway station that allows you to get here by train from other cities. From Kiev it is convenient to come by bus, the ticket price — 160 UAH.

www.flickr.com/Olena Kulyk

Galich

The city is located in Ivano-Frankivsk region on the banks of the Dniester.
Galich was a former centre of Galicia-Volyn Principality gave the name to the whole region of Galicia. The town was first mentioned in Hungarian Chronicles in the year 989.
However, life here was in full swing, ever since the epoch of copper and bronze, as evidenced by numerous archaeological finds, which can be seen in the museums of the city. Since ancient times in the area of Galicia has preserved five of the embankments up to a height of 25 meters, which served for defense.
Ancient Halych was much more, it included the modern village Krylos. Here located Galicia tomb — the place of initiation of the princes who were our direct ancestors. During excavations it was found a number of military artifacts and old boat.
The Church of St. Panteleimon — the oldest and the only surviving relic of Galicia-Volyn Principality. It can be seen in the nearby village of Shevchenkove that came to annalistic Halych.
From the Prince’s of the assumption Church remained only the Foundation, it was dismantled for the construction of the Church in the period to Catholicism.
In the heart of the city, on Galich mountain Starostenkova remains of the castle founded in the XIV century. Well-preserved Western tower. The existence of older buildings on the mountain is confirmed by the Chronicles and archaeological finds. She probably was made of wood.
Near the castle is preserved the Church of the Nativity of the thirteenth century.
In Galicia and its surrounding area there are a number of ancient monuments combined into the national reserve «Ancient Galich».
Route. From Kiev to Galich more convenient to reach by train. The price of a rail ticket from 140 UAH.

www.flickr.com/Vitaliy Ilnytskyy

Zhovkva

The town is located in the Lviv region. Founded in 1368 — has long been known as a city of artisans.
First, Zhovkva, were village Vynnyky. However, the Polish king gave him the property of Hetman Stanislaw Zolkiewski, who renamed it, and built a city. Name it received in 1603. Zolkiewski known fact that in 1610 controlling the Ukrainian-Polish army occupied Moscow. Now the grave of the great commander is located in the Church of Saint Lawrence in the city. Buried here not only Hetman, but also the family members of the Polish king Jan Sobieski.

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The city has a defensive wall with fortified towers. Around the majestic Central square tower , the belfry of cathedrals and churches. Here secular buildings border the sacred — they were in the times of various wars carried out and a defensive function. Once in Zhovkva may seem that you are far beyond Ukraine.
Zhovkva was built according to the principle of the ideal cities of the Renaissance times. In ancient times there took the Russian Tsar, ambassadors from the Pope and the Holy Roman Empire.
Interesting architecture has Glinsky gatesleading to the city. Also worth seeing the Church. Paraskeva, the Dominican Cathedral, the synagogue and the Zhovkva castle. Of particular temples of the city-and the fact that the saints are represented in the Ukrainian outfit. This is an amazing manifestation of folk art.
Route. The town of Zhovkva is located near the city. From him walk of the local bus to Zhovkva. Cost of railway tickets on the train Kiev-Lviv 140 UAH.

www.flickr.com/sunmaya1

Poltava

The city is located in the left Bank Ukraine. Through it flows the river Vorskla and its tributary Colmac. Historically, that Poltava is situated on three mountains: the Monastic, Cathedral and College.
The city is mentioned in Chronicles as a defensive fortress of Kyivan Rus from nomads. The founding date is the year 889. The first settlement was located on the Cathedral hill. Now here is built a city Cathedral square. It is surrounded by old buildings. The nearby White gazebo in the shape of a horseshoe — one of the sights of the city. From it the magnificent panorama.
There is also a Museum-house of Ivan Kotlyarevsky. Along the monument to Poltava Galushka. The manor house is restored and looks very good. And in the Museum you can not only see things the author’s Ukrainian «Aeneid», but also-and eat. And at the entrance you will be greeted by «Natalka-Poltavka».
Poltava Museum of local history housed in a building of the provincial Zemstvo. The building was built in 1903 and is adorned with carved Ukrainian ornament. Beautifully preserved facades and interior decoration of the Zemstvo. A collection of Museum exhibits the largest in the Poltava region.
The city has a Museum of history of Poltava battlethat was a turning point for Ukrainians, and Hetman Ivan Mazepa. Just then the Hetman supported the Swedish king, and not the Russian Tsar Peter I.
In the center of Poltava you can see the Hull garden, which has a symmetrical form and is considered a model of landscape art. Laid on the 200th anniversary of the battle of Poltava.
The city has preserved a number of cathedrals, ancient buildings and monuments that are worth seeing.
Route. In Poltava can be reached by train and by bus. The cost of a train ticket to Kiev, from 110 UAH. The bus fare from the capital is, from 153 UAH.

www.flickr.com/Vladislav Samoilov

Mirgorod

The city is located in Poltava region and is considered one of the oldest settlements of the left-Bank Ukraine. It multiple channels spreads the river Khorol. Mirgorod region and the town is a health center. Mirgorod, as well as the Poltava is famous for its dumplings.
The city on the pages of their books immortalized N. Gogol. There is a Park writer with figurines of the many characters in his books.
Nearby is the village of Velyki Sorochyntsi. This is the most famous in Ukraine — Fair. The venue is Zhabokritskaya area, decorated in the Ukrainian tradition. The fair is held in late summer. In addition to the sale of different products and finishes only in the national spirit, during the fair, performances by various artists.
In the village of Nikolai Gogol was born. So all in Mirgorod, mhar and the famous Dikanka reminds me of him.

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In «Evenings on a farm near Dikanka» describes Trinity Church, which survived until our days. Also, the city was the Palace Kochubey, from which it now remains only the entrance arch. But the Church survived, which became the burial place of a Cossack family. It remains a mystery as here to carry the sarcophagi, which are much wider than the aisles. I suppose that in ancient times in the tomb were numerous underground passages.
In the Vicinity of the horseshoe there is another miracle, this millennial oaks. According to legend it was here the daughter of Kochubey, against the wishes of parents, met with the Hetman Mazepa.
Route. In Mirgorod can be reached by train and by bus. The cost of the train ticket from UAH 100. The bus ticket costs from UAH 176. In Sorochintsy and Dikanka, you can drive from Mirgorod.

www.flickr.com/Профессиональный Lyceum

Gluhov

The city is located on the Northern part of Sumy region. Glukhov is known that more than 50 years was the capital of the Hetman.
In ancient times the city was a fortress, which still remained the ramparts. In the XVIII century was reconstructed entrance gate to the city — gate of Kiev. They served as the customs preserved until now. Gate leads to one of the oldest streets of the city — the Kiev-Moscow.
It houses the library, which is among the three oldest in Ukraine. Near the house of the district Council and the old school which now is Glukhiv national pedagogical University.
On the Cathedral square is the bus station and the oldest building of the Church of St. Nicholas. The temple is a national and global landmark. On the site of the bus station stood in ancient times, the Trinity Cathedral — known fact that it is held ritual «Wire Mazepa in hell» after he sided with the Swedish king.
In the city there are many temples of Cossack.
One of the cards Glukhov is a Water tower, built in the early XX century. Interesting building that is well preserved and accessible.
All the sights and the historic streets of the city United under the National reserve «deaf».
Route. Direct railway communication between Kyiv and Hlukhiv no. However, the town has a railway station. The cost of a bus ticket Kyiv-Hlukhiv, from 250 UAH.

www.instagram.com/andy_travel.com.ua

Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky

The city is located in the East of Kiev region. One of the oldest cities of Kievan Rus, was the centre of Pereiaslav Principality. The first mention refers to 907.
Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky called the «city of museums», there are about 30. One of the most interesting architecture and life under open sky, only on its territory houses 14 different museums. Another miracle-the Museum is housed in the Church of St. Paraskeva, there are moon Rovers, and various exhibitions dedicated to space exploration.
The city has a Museum of Taras Shevchenko. Building 1820, the year is well preserved, once upon a time there lived a friend of the poet. I assume that it was written «Zapovit.»
The city is most known for the fact that there has been Pereyaslav Rada. This is a General Cossack Council, which convened Bohdan Khmelnytsky in 1654. The decisions taken at the Council have been lost and now unknown. Therefore the result is interpreted differently.
In the Central square of the city survived the ascension monastery with a bell tower. He is considered one of the most impressive temples of the era of Hetman.
All the sights and museums of the city United in the national historical and ethnographic reserve «Pereyaslav».
Route. From Kiev to Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky will be convenient to take the bus. The ticket price from 65 UAH.

www.flickr.com/Oleksandr Dziuba

Berestechko

The city is located in the Volyn oblast, on the banks of the river Styr.
Berestechko was the largest battle between the Zaporozhian host under the leadership of Bohdan Khmelnytsky and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It is worth saying that the battle took place closer to the village of Pliasheva, Rivne oblast. Therefore, the historical reminders of those events are preserved in both settlements.
The current national historic-memorial reserve «Field Berestetska battle» keeps all the secrets of the tragic events. In memory of the thousands of victims of the Cossacks, founded St. George monastery and set to a majestic monument to fallen Cossacks and peasants. The Unique monastery has three altars, one above the other. In the underground layer has a creepy glass sarcophagus with the bones of the Cossacks died during the days of fighting.
Michael Church of the XVII century was built long before the battle of Berestechko. It was visited by B. Khmelnitsky, Ivan Bogun and other Cossack generals. It is believed that it was here just before the terrible fight was praying Khmelnitsky.
Temples built around the stylized wall.

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Island Nuts is a legendary place. It was he who in ancient times was the crossing of the Cossack troops. Memorable for the fact that here 300 Cossacks with their lives, kept many thousands of Polish army while their counterparts were able to retreat to a safe distance. Even now on the island there is some special atmosphere. Legend has it that the last Cossacks by the Polish king offered gold if he would surrender. However, the Cossacks refused and died a heroic death. There are several stone crosses Cossack and the Cossack’s pit, which according to legend killed the last of the defenders.
Route. To get to historical places are first Required to go to Exactly. The cost of the ticket on the train Kiev-Rivne from 110 UAH. With Exactly Placeway Shuttle bus. Ticket price from 63 UAH.

www.flickr.com/Сергей Tkachenko

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