Pagan heritage or a protest against the policy of the USSR: how did the scary Hill of Crosses in Lithuania

Pagan heritage or a protest against the policy of the USSR: how did the scary Hill of Crosses in Lithuania

The tourists are amazed by a myriad of crucifixes that are installed on the hill of Crosses and near it.

In Lithuania, near the town of Laulau is the amazing Hill of Crosses, which leads visitors into a religious excitement, or in a terrifying stupor. Hard to be among so many wood, stone and metal «trees of life» are indifferent, despite the fact that on the hill they are more reminiscent of death.

There are about 50 thousand crucifixes of different sizes, which, in turn, hung with tassels pectoral cross. The researchers say that the Hill is the result of a combination of pagan beliefs and later Catholicism, which is fixed in Lithuania only in the XIV century. So, even in these crosses starovery see the remains of the symbolism of sun, water, earth, and other allegorical characters.

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The first mention of the Mountain of Crosses – 1850. But, it is believed that a sacred place appeared much earlier. According to another version, the people began to demolish the crucifix, when a local saw the virgin Mary with the child in her arms. Rumor has it that she pointed to the Mountain that you want to bless in this way.

www.flickr.com/Meredith Katzman

However, the last decade people set here the cross and the statue in memory of the victims of political repression. In particular, it is believed that since the beginning of the XIX century crosses set in protest of the aggressive policy of the Russian Empire.

It is known that in Soviet times the crosses from the Mountain was repeatedly demolished by bulldozers and burned. But after each of sacrilege, the people again brought them in tribute on the disadvantaged and the victims. In particular, the crosses were erected in memory of the resettlement of about 100 of thousands of Patriotic Lithuanians during operation «Spring» in 1948.

The popularity of the place has already acquired after Lithuania’s independence in 1991. World fame Hill of Crosses received later, in 1993, when they set the crucifixion on the orders of Pope John Paul II.

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Whatever the reason for the appearance of the hill of Crosses was not, it is uniquely represents a particular cultural formation of the Lithuanian identity. Place, even as a world heritage by the UNESCOas intangible cultural heritage of Lithuania.

www.flickr.com/Andrius Aleksandravičius

We will remind, earlier it was mentioned about the history of the blood-stained banner Vedenskogo castle, which was concealed in Soviet times. Stronghold located in the town of Cesis in Latvia, which is not so well-known Ukrainian tourists like Riga or Jurmala promoted. It is quite a small town, there are many, but the number of large-scale historical buildings per square meter is amazing.

Videomay guide. Latvia: the fate of Soviet monuments and the hotel is an old manor house

Snidanok 1+1

On 28 November 2017, 14:59

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